Tag Archive: development of children

Music, Brain Development & Personality

In the first few years of life, each child’s brain develops complex network of brain structures and schemas that lay the foundation of more mature processes such as emotional development, facilitate decision making and shape the persona. Experiences of children during preadolescence and adolescence greatly impact their later lives,  affected by the architecture of their brains. This also impacts their future learning skills and capacities.

According to a major research by Janet DiPietro (2000), during the years between 9-13, a child’s brain starts a process during which it eliminates unnecessary neural connections and schemas and starts focussing on the maintenance of the associations that it uses. These associations are made very rapidly based on the child’s environment and even small stimuli that a child comes in contact with.Music and Personality development

The importance of music and its role in a child’s brain development and personality development is an important debate in education psychology today. Music is universal and cross-cultural studies show that all children who are given exposuree to music have faster brain development with stronger neural connection and better emotional development. Brain reacts to music to de-stress thus leading to better stress management capabilities and reduces cases of depression and anxiety. Music therapy is an upcoming concept becoming more and more popular and successful in helping children cope with stress and anxiety.

Music and language have always been used as modes of expression. There is music to express any kind of emotion and feelings. Music has the capability to encourage creativity and intellectual development of a child.

Music also activates the right hemisphere of the brain, thus impacting right side processes such as creativity, artistic expression, musical intelligence, intuition, expression of emotions, reading/recognizing other’s emotions, recognizing faces and color etc. Thus, it becomes imperative to add music to children’s routine activities and life, stimulating their brains and intellectual development.

At Smart Shrubs, music, dramatics and aesthetics module focuses on training participants make use of music and aesthetics to cope with stress, stimulate creativity and make it a part of their routine perception, thus shaping their personalities and decision making capabilities.

 

Education, Creativity & Personality Development

_DSC0285 (1)I was just watching a Ted Talk by Seth Godin how on schools have been following the decades of training procedures. It is interesting to note that he starts with a simple pleasantry “Good Morning”–something that children all over the world are taught by teachers and trainers alike in all schools–be it a public school, a private institution or a government funded NGO run initiative. While there is nothing wrong in exchanging a simple “good morning”; what Godin very subtly pointed out was that the training and conditioning to follow a structure and a methodology starts right from beginning.

He uses the analogy “industry products” –children across are being taught what different industries expect them to know and learn when they go on to make their careers and take up jobs. They are given an incentive called “salary”, which keeps them motivated enough to follow the instruction. Yet, at the same time, there is also an expectation to do something different and stand out from the crowd. But how do we expect our children to do both? Aren’t we confusing them?  Aren’t we killing their creativity?

No doubt that the most important years of education are the school years. We entrust in schools that they will provide the best of education to our children, make them creative and finally aid in personality development by equipping them with Life skills. These life skills and personality will finally help them achieve and be successful in their professional and personal lives.

At the same time, the very same schools are not providing their students a platform to grow and learn. How much of openness to experience are they taught? How self aware are the students? Aren’t most of the students following a trend instead of setting one? Do they have a will-to-meaning?

Teachers have a very important role to play in student’s personality. They are becoming more aware and realizing that instead of being trainers, they need to become coaches and facilitators. They have to coach students into becoming life long learners, who are not the industry kids but give way to their creativity. Students should be given an opportunity to build something interesting. A great performance in school or grades does not necessarily lead to success and happiness. It is the association with something interesting.

As Godin puts it, children should be coached to connect and not collect. It is this collaboration, connection, interest that will shape their personality into becoming happier and successful.

 

The Little Scientists : Personality Development

Personality Development “Children think differently than adults”–its a famous quote by Jean Piaget, who mostly influenced the modern thought in cognitive and developmental psychology.

According to Piaget, children go through four key process or changes which spans into adulthood and greatly shapes their cognitive thoughts and thus helps in personality development. Children actively explore the world and environment around them. Therefore, they are little scientists on a voyage of observation and assimilation.

The Sensorimotor stage (from infancy to 2 years): The environment is explored and knowledge is gained by infants through their sensory experiences and manipulation of objects around them.

The Preoperational stage ( from 2 years to 7 years):  At this stage, children learn through ‘free play’. They are aware of the rules of the game but struggle with logical explanations for changing rules and being open to the idea that others can have a different point of view or different opinions

The Concrete Operational stage (from 7 years to 11 years): At this stage, continuing from the previous stage, children find it difficult to change the rules and methodologies. But at the same time, they begin to understand that there are different logical explanations to same experience. The understanding of the abstract and hypothetical starts.

The Formal Operational stage (from adolescence to adulthood): Logic is assimilated and given as an explanation to events and experiences. Children begin to understand the hypothetical and gain the abilities to understand deductive reasonings understanding of abstracts ideas.

Children also acquire important adaptive and cognitive concepts such as schemas, assimilation, accommodation. 

Schemas refer to categories that children form of knowledge and information that help them interpret the environment, objects, people and events. It includes both category of knowledge and process of acquisition of knowledge.

Assimilation is a process taking or adding new information to the set schemas. It is subjective in nature because children modify the information or experience to fit in the already existing schemas.

Accommodation is the process in which children modify or alter the existing schemas because they have received some new/very different information which does not fit any existing schemas.

Equilibration –all children aim to acquire a balance between the process of assimilation and accommodation.

Equilibration is an important concept since children want to strike a balance between using existing knowledge, acquiring new knowledge and forming new schemas. It is the state of equilibration that helps them move from one stage to another.

All children go through these stages naturally. But when given the right training and exposure to right concepts, the schemas they form are more facilitative and broader in quality. This helps enhance their problem solving skills, becoming more creative as well as attaining a higher understanding of logic.

Parents play an important role in this process. A facilitative environment by parents is a must in appropriate acquisition of these stages.