“IQ and emotional intelligence are not opposing competencies, but rather separate ones…. All of us mix IQ and emotional intelligence in varying degrees.” Daniel Goleman, Emotional Intelligence.
Emotional Intelligence has four fundamentals–Self awareness (the ability to identify your own emotions and their impact); self management (the ability to manage, control your emotions and behavior); social awareness (the ability to recognize and understand other’s emotions and react appropriately), relationship management (the ability to influence and contact others).
Emotional Intelligence is a personality trait that can be developed over time with right learning. Recent research shows that higher Emotional Intelligence (EI) is associated with better transition from school to University and improved graduate employability.
Emotional Intelligence is also important in order to have frank discussions and come up with new insights as well as dealing with everyday problems creatively. Researches have found out that people high in EI are better leaders since they are sensitive towards the emotionality of the environment and can communicate their messages accordingly for most apt understanding. A skillful use of EI involves both feelings and thinking.
Emotional Intelligence also plays a role in moral reasoning. Researchers have also found that people with drug abuse and addictions have very low EIs and are less emotionally healthy in comparison to those who are not.
Because of the direct (and indirect) influences of EI on different personality traits such as team work, leadership etc, and the role it plays in problem solving and being in situations dealing with people ( or even self), EI becomes an important part of one’s development. The good news is that unlike IQ which is mostly innate, EI can be developed over time with right training.